Maîtriser les nœuds de pêche : types, techniques et conseils pour une pêche réussie

Mastering Fishing Knots: Types, Techniques and Tips for Successful Fishing

Have you ever wondered which fishing knots are the most effective and why? We will delve into this fascinating world, full of complexities and subtleties. Fishing knots are more than just a way to attach a hook to a line, they are the art and science of fishing.

Article written by Raymond Carignan, proud Sportchief ambassador

In this article, we will explore the different types of fishing knots, their usefulness and the techniques to make them perfectly. We'll also reveal why certain nodes are better suited to certain situations than others.

So, get ready to embark on this exciting adventure, which could well transform your fishing experience. We are confident that you will be eager to put into practice what you are about to learn.

Importance of knowledge of nodes

Knowing the art of tying fishing line effectively turns any fishing trip into a successful adventure. Now let's review the undeniable importance of its fishing knots.

Role of knots in fishing success

Knot mastery functions as an essential tool belt for any expert angler. Imagine casting the line and seeing the biggest fish of the day escape because your knot wasn't strong enough. That poorly made knot can cost not only valuable loot, but also confidence in your ability to fish. 

Knots are important and need to be reliable, especially if you have a big fish on the end of the line. For example, the Palomar knot, known for its robustness, ensures maximum strength, thus reducing the probability of thread breakage. “A well-made knot will help avoid losing the fish of a lifetime”, laughs Raymond Carignan. 

Finally, fishing knots have strategic importance. There are a variety of knots, designed specifically to meet various fishing scenarios. For example, the Albright knot is used to connect two lines of different thicknesses, an ideal choice for turbid water or if you need a leader (called leader, in popular jargon) more strong. It is also very popular for connecting braided line to fluorocarbon. “Fluorocarbon, this transparent thread, has been widely used in recent years because fish cannot see it. The Albright knot will allow fishermen to tie the two together”, specifies Mr. Carignan. 

In conclusion, a solid knowledge of knots is an indisputable marker of fishing expertise. “Moreover, the knots are not only for attaching the line to the hook but also to your fishing lures, explains Raymond Carignan who reminds us that the knot is the only link between the fisherman and the fish. We wouldn't want to create negative emotions when we lost the monster of our life. In short, it is essential to master them well before venturing out. You also need to check them often after a capture.”


Understanding Fishing Knots

Mastering fishing knots is an essential skill for any angler. Let's deepen our understanding of these nodes and examine their relevance in the fishing environment.

Definition and Importance

A fishing knot is a specific configuration of rope or thread used to connect different parts of fishing equipment. The proper selection and correct making of fishing knots ensures the strength and durability of fishing lines. Without such know-how, fishing efficiency can be seriously compromised.

Types of fishing lines

There are five main types of fishing lines: monofilament, fluorocarbon, braided, lead rope (leadcore) and fusion. Each of these fishing lines requires specific knots, to harmonize their resistance, flexibility and affinity with water. For example, Palomar and Clinch knots are commonly used with monofilament lines, while the Albright knot is frequently used for fusion between braid and fluorocarbon. 

This information is not only fascinating, but also crucial for anyone aiming to excel in fishing.


Essential fishing knots to learn

After making a detailed introduction to the subject of fishing knots, it's time to go further with specific instructions. We will now discuss how to tie the most essential fishing knots.

Palomar knot

The Palomar Knot is one of the strongest knots in fishing, particularly suitable for braided but also good for all types of line. It ensures unparalleled solidity to the line.

Realization :

  1. Form a loop, pass it through the eyelet of the lure.
  2. Tie a simple knot with the loop.
  3. Pass the lure through the large loop formed.
  4. Tighten by pulling on both ends of the line.



 above, the Palomar knot


Double Plain Knot

The Double Plain Knot is ideal for joining two lines of different diameters or types. It is appreciated for its strong resistance, which makes it particularly effective for controlling large fish. 


  1. Align the two lines : Place the two ends of the lines side by side, overlapping them by about 15 centimeters.
  2. Wrap the first line : Take the end of the first line and form a loop. Then pass the end through this loop about 5 times.
  3. Tighten the first half : Moisten the knot with a little saliva or water to reduce friction. Gently pull on the end and main line to tighten the knot.
  4. Repeat with the second line : Perform the same steps with the other line. Make sure to also pass the end through a formed loop about 5 times.
  5. Tighten the complete knot : Pull on the two main lines to bring the two halves of the knot together. Make sure both knots are tight and snug against each other.


Above, the plain double knot


FG node

The FG knot (“Fine Grip knot”), appreciated for its finesse and robustness, is suitable for tying a braided line to a fluorocarbon or a monofilament. It is prized for its high performance, particularly in terms of shock resistance. 


1. Fold the braid to form a loop and hold it open.
2. Insert the fluorocarbon or the monofilament through the loop.
3. Roll up the leader around the loop and the braid,
alternating on each side, about 20 times.
4. PULL lightly on the leader to start tightening.
5. Tighten firmly by pulling both lines simultaneously
after wetting the knot.
6. Cut the excesses near the node.

 Above, the FG node


Choosing the Right Knot for Different Fishing Scenarios

To excel in the art of fishing, adopting the right knot according to the needs of the moment is not to be taken lightly. Take what you learned from the previous sections and see how to make an informed decision on the type of fishing knot to use in various situations.


Knots for lures and live bait

The Rapala Knot welcomes divers; it gives them full freedom of movement while guaranteeing solid fixation. “To the fish’s eyes it looks more natural, so the end result is more bites!”, believes Raymond Carignan. 

To tie a spoon, the Palomar Knot, mentioned in the previous sections, ensures natural movement when retrieving the lure.

“Live bait, the knot like Palomar is quite the one that is recommended. It's more natural. There is also the trilene knot which is also good for this type of bait. The two are equivalent. If it’s for very big fish, I’ll go for the latter because it’s even stronger.”, adds the experienced fisherman who remembers testing his first knots at the age of 6.

Knots for different fishing techniques

Your choice of knot changes depending on the fishing technique used. For fishing techniques requiring free movement of the hook, opt for the Loop Knot. In fly fishing where finesse is essential, the Clinch Knot is ideal for attaching the fly to the line. When we talk about deep sea fishing or surfcasting, the FG Knot, robust and resistant, is the ideal choice, capable of withstanding violent shocks.

Practical advice for making and maintaining knots

Following our detailed exploration of fishing knots, let's move on to practical recommendations for making and maintaining these essential knots.


Knotting Best Practices and Common Mistakes to Avoid

To make a quality fishing knot, take a methodical approach.

  1. Choose the appropriate node:
    Depending on the type of line, hook or lure used, certain knots are more effective.
  2. Maintain adequate line length:
    Get used to leaving enough length of line, a margin of at least 15 cm, to adjust the knot without constraint.
  3. Moisten the line:
    Before tightening the knot, wet the line with saliva or water. This step eliminates heat, the mortal enemy of monofilament and fluorocarbon. 
  4. Check your knots:
    Before a fishing trip, check your knots. After a capture, check your nodes. Did you get caught at the bottom? Then check your nodes.


Create stronger connections

Adapting your nodes according to specific needs is essential to strengthen links.

    1. Become familiar with several nodes:
      Learning various fishing knots provides greater flexibility in the field. The choice of knot can then be adjusted according to the type of fishing practiced and the equipment available.
    2. Practice regularly:
      Regular practice is essential to tie knots with ease and precision, which saves time and increases the chances of success in fishing action.
    3. Have instructions with you:
      Bring the cards offered by fishing stores in your tackle box. This will allow you to see how to do it visually if you forget. “Even though I'm used to it, I always carry them with me. They are often given with fishing lines, we must not throw them away, we must take them with us fishing.”, recalls Mr. Carignan.


By revisiting the key elements of our detailed exploration of fishing knots, we re-emphasize their major role in successful fishing. 

Certain knots, such as the Palomar Knot, the Double Plain Knot, and the FG Knot, have been discussed in detail, highlighting their specific methods of completion and distinct advantages. 

In the context of making and maintaining fishing knots, we have offered valuable advice. We've outlined how some common mistakes can improve the efficiency of your nodes.

Finally, do not neglect the importance of regular practice of tying knots to strengthen your skills and thus increase your chances of success in fishing action. We hope you find this exploration of fishing knots beneficial and encourage you to continue learning and experimenting to become, we hope, an even more productive fisherman.

Remember, fishing is not just about luck, but also about skill. And fishing knots are an essential part of this skill. “Practice what you have learned and I wish you bent canes!”, laughs Raymond Carignan.